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Essential Guide to Caring for Wool Garments

Wool is a beloved fabric known for its warmth, durability, and luxurious feel. From cozy sweaters to elegant coats, wool garments are a staple in many wardrobes, especially during the colder months. However, wool requires specific care to maintain quality and extend life.

Improper washing can lead to shrinkage, distortion, or a loss of the fabric’s natural softness. This guide will navigate you through the correct methods to wash wool, ensuring your garments stay beautiful and functional for years. Additionally, discover how Clotheslyne‘s professional laundry services can simplify your wool care routine.

Understanding Wool Fabric Care

Wool is a prized natural fiber cherished for its warmth, breathability, and luxurious feel. Its unique structure allows for excellent insulation while maintaining a comfortable level of breathability, making it an ideal fabric for a wide range of climates and occasions. The natural oils in wool fibers provide water and dirt resistance, contributing to the fabric’s stain and odor resistance. However, this same intricate structure makes wool susceptible to improper care damage, including shrinking, felting, or loss of shape. To ensure appropriate care, it’s imperative to always check the garment’s care label before cleaning, as it contains specific instructions on whether the item should be hand washed, machine washed, or dry cleaned, depending on the wool type and the garment’s construction.

Washing Wool: Steps for Safe Cleaning

Preparing Your Wool Item

Before washing, thoroughly inspect the wool garment for any stains or signs of soiling. Treat these areas gently with a wool-safe stain remover to minimize damage to the fibers. Prepare the garment for washing by emptying all pockets and securing any fastenings, such as zippers or buttons. This helps to prevent any snagging or deformation of the garment during the wash process.

Hand Washing: The Preferred Method

Hand washing is often the safest way to clean wool garments, as it allows for gentle treatment of the fibers.

Filling the Basin

Fill a clean basin or sink with lukewarm water. Avoid hot water, as it can cause wool to shrink or feel, altering the fabric’s texture and fit.

Selecting Detergent

Choose a detergent specifically formulated for wool. These mild detergents are designed to clean without stripping away the natural oils that give wool its softness and water-resistant properties.

Gentle Agitation

Carefully submerge the wool garment in the water and lightly agitate it with your hands. Avoid harsh rubbing or wringing, as this can damage the fibers and cause the garment to lose shape.


After washing, thoroughly rinse the garment in lukewarm water until all soap has been removed. Ensure the water runs clear to avoid any soap residue, which can affect the texture and appearance of the wool.

Machine Washing: With Caution

If the care label confirms that the wool garment is machine washable, use the appropriate settings to prevent damage.

Selecting the Washer

Use a gentle, wool-specific cycle and lukewarm water. A front-loading washer is preferable as it typically provides gentler agitation than a top-loader.

Protecting the Garment

Place the wool item in a mesh laundry bag to protect it during the wash cycle. This helps to reduce stress on the fibers and prevent snagging.

Choosing Detergent and Cycle

Use a wool-safe detergent and ensure the spin cycle is set to the lowest possible setting to prevent excessive wringing and stress on the garment.

Drying Wool Garments

Properly drying wool is critical to maintaining its shape, feel, and longevity.

Air Drying: The Safe Choice

After washing, gently press out excess water without wringing the fabric. Lay the garment flat on a clean, dry towel, rolling it up to remove additional moisture. Then, unroll and lay the garment flat on a fresh towel or a drying rack, reshaping it as necessary. Allow it to air dry completely, avoiding direct sunlight and heat, which can cause shrinkage or fading.

Avoiding the Dryer

A tumble dryer’s high heat and agitation can severely damage wool fibers. Always opt for air drying to preserve the integrity of the garment. Use a fan to circulate air and speed up the drying process, but never place wool directly in front of a heat source.

Maintaining Wool’s Quality and Appearance

Regular care beyond washing and drying is required to keep wool garments looking their best. Brush the garments regularly to remove surface dust and lint, and store them folded in a drawer or on a shelf to prevent stretching or distortion. When storing wool long-term, use breathable garment bags and include cedar blocks to deter moths and other pests. Properly maintaining your wool items will ensure they remain a cherished part of your wardrobe for years to come.

Clotheslyne: Your Wool Care Solution

Caring for wool can be time-consuming and requires attention to detail. Clotheslyne offers a convenient solution with free pick-up and delivery laundry services in select areas, including New York, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Alaska, and Massachusetts. Our Clotheslyners are skilled in handling delicate fabrics like wool, ensuring your garments are carefully washed, dried, and folded. Trust Clotheslyne to maintain the beauty and longevity of your wool items, giving you more time to enjoy them. With Clotheslyne, you have a helping hand from someone in your community who understands the importance of caring for your cherished woolen.

To use Clotheslyne, download the iOS Apple App or Google Play Store Android app to schedule your laundry pick up.

You can also schedule your laundry pick up through our web portal.

Fill up a tall kitchen bag full of clothes. A Clotheslyner in your community will pick it up and deliver it back to you washed, dried, and folded in 48 hours. It’s that simple.

FREE pickup and delivery laundry services for less than drop-off at your local laundromat!